AudioQuest DragonFly Cobalt Review – CNET

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A portable headphone amp might seem anachronistic in this age of Bluetooth headphones. Why be tethered to wires when wireless is the future? While many BT headphones offer impressive sound quality, they’re inherently limited in their design. Built-in batteries and electronics take up space and add to the overall cost. Many manufacturers of wired headphones and earbuds offer models that, in theory, offer similar prices as BT models but with better or more drivers. Others have models that have drivers that are too power-hungry to be driven well by built-in batteries.

The AudioQuest DragonFly Cobalt connected to a phone and headphones.


AudioQuest DragonFly Cobalt


  • Tiny

  • Powerful for its size

Don’t like

  • A bit expensive

  • No adjustments or app

You could power these wired headphones from any headphone jack, but built-in ports like that rarely have much power. Instead, a portable headphone amp can give audiophile headphones the juice they need without tying you to a chair or desk. 

Which brings us to the DragonFly Cobalt from AudioQuest. It has been out for a few years, but is now 30% cheaper and going forward will be the only model in the DragonFly line. Roughly the size of a small thumb, it connects to any phone or computer via USB. Inside is an amp and a DAC, or digital-to-analog converter, that claim to elevate the listening experience. We shall see. Or hear. We shall hear. 

Specs and such

A closeup of the DragonFly Cobalt.

The Cobalt is about the size of a thumb. “A” thumb but perhaps not “your” thumb.

Geoffrey Morrison/CNET

  • DAC Chip: ESS ES9038Q2M
  • Max sampling rate/frequency: 24-bit/96kHz
  • Amp chip: ESS Sabre 9601
  • Power: “2.1 volts”

The Cobalt looks like a USB thumb drive, if anyone remembers those. Included is a short dongle that converts the USB-A on the Cobalt to USB-C for use with phones and many laptops. To connect to Apple products you unsurprisingly need a special adapter, which is available separately. You also get a small pleather case, which is a nice touch though I don’t imagine it will get much use.

Inside the Cobalt is a ESS Sabre 9601 headphone amp and a ESS ES9038Q2M DAC. The Cobalt maxes out at 24-bit/96kHz, which is less than some USB DACs. There isn’t a ton of music available at higher rates, but there is some. Personally I think there is value in higher-than-CD sampling rates (16/44.1) but I’m skeptical of anyone who says they can hear a difference between 96 and 192kHz.

The claimed power rating of “2.1 volts” is unclear and practically misleading. Nearly all amplifiers are rated in watts and it’s easily the most recognizable audio spec. Watts is volts times amps, and no device like this is putting out anything close to 1 amp. So no doubt “2.1” is far more impressive a number than whatever milliwatts this (or any, to be honest) headphone amp provides. For comparison, the older and cheaper DragonFly Black had a claimed 1.2 volts while the similar iFi Go Link (review coming soon), claims 70mW into 32 ohms and and 2.05V into 600 ohms (which converts to 7mW). 

The dragonfly on the DragonFly lights up different colors with different sampling rates: Red for Standby, green for 44.1kHz, blue for 48kHz, yellow for 88.2kHz, light blue for 96kHz, and purple for MQA. At least, that’s the theory. Rarely did this match up with the claimed sampling rates on content I tested with my Pixel 7. It matched better, or at least faster, with my Sony NW-A306 portable media player.


The Cobalt with its included USB-C adapter.

The Cobalt with its included USB-C adapter.

Geoffrey Morrison/CNET

I tested the Cobalt using some high-end headphones, two of which are borderline what could be considered “portable.” At least in the sense that I don’t think most people would walk around with them. Those would be the Audeze LCD-3 ($1,945) and the Sendy Audio Apollo ($500). These are headphones made for sitting in one place and enjoying. I also used the Meze Audio Rai Penta in-ear monitors ($1,100) which aren’t particularly difficult to drive, but have excellent clarity. Why use ultra-expensive, and in two cases huge, headphones to test a $200 amp? Well, if it can power these it can power just about anything. I used a mixture of CD-quality and high-resolution FLAC from Qobuz.

Not wanting to listen in a vacuum, so to speak, I compared the Cobalt to several other amp/DACs, starting with the headphone jack on my computer and then the analog output of my Pixel 7 via a USB-C-to-1/8th analog dongle. I also compared the Cobalt to the iFi Audio hip-dac2. This is also technically a portable headphone amp, and priced similarly to the Cobalt. However, it’s much, much larger, and has a rather cumbersome connection process that’s not something I’d expect most people to use walking around. 

The AudioQuest DragonFly Cobalt on a green background.

The DragonFly Cobalt connected and glowing light blue, which indicates a 96kHz sampling rate.

Geoffrey Morrison/CNET

With the Cobalt vs the (admittedly anemic) desktop PC’s headphone jack using the LCD-3s, the sound via the Cobalt sounded fuller at the same volume level. Percussion had a tighter, more immediate attack. Most notably, I was able to get a much higher volume with better bass via the Cobalt. With the PC’s volume control all the way up, I could get a sound that was a little higher than typical listening volume. With the Cobalt, that same approximate volume was achieved with a setting around 60, with 75 being plenty loud and 100 being beyond comfortable. Not bad for a thumb drive-sized device and huge planar magnetic headphones. Admittedly, the sound at maximum wasn’t as clean as it was at lower volumes.  

With the Sendy Apollos there was better clarity with the Cobalt compared to the computer’s built-in headphone jack. Switching to my phone’s output via the dongle, the Apollos had fuller bass when played through the Cobalt, and sounded more open. Once again, volume was the biggest difference. With the volume control all the way up on my phone, the Apollos were just above what I’d call a normal listening volume. Through the Cobalt, however, maximum volume was louder than I’d listen to for any length of time. 


To connect headphones with the larger 1/4-inch connector you’ll need a separate adapter or adapter cable.

A closeup of the headphone jack of the AudioQuest DragonFly Cobalt.

With the Rai Pentas, there was less of a noticeable difference. Despite their price and 5-driver design, they’re not particularly difficult to drive. So even the Pixel 7’s dongle could drive them with enough volume. Was there a little more realism to the overtones and high frequencies with high-resolution tracks? Possibly. For instance, the glockenspiel at the start of “Sloop John B” from the 24-bit, 192 kHz version of Pet Sounds had a richer, more realistic timbre, despite the Cobalt’s downconversion to 96 kHz. It could also have just been a slight change in the tonal balance, since the Rai Pentas have a more mellow sound with lesser amplifiers. I’m not sure I’d bet my house on a blind A-B test either way. The truth is, there is far less difference between modern DACs than everything else in the audio chain.

Lastly, I donned the LCD-3s again to compare the Cobalt to the iFi Audio hip-dac2. If you’re looking for something that gives you better audio on the go, the hip-dac2 is probably too large. It’s a bit smaller than a flask. That extra space includes beefier electronics, though, so if you usually listen at your desk or seated, this is a potential alternative. Because of that, the hip-dac2 just has more power. Not only can it drive the LCD-3’s louder, it sounds cleaner doing it. The hip-dac2 sounds less compressed at higher volumes. The difference isn’t huge, but is noticeable back to back. 


An AudioQuest DragonFly Cobalt glowing green.

The green dragonfly on the DragonFly indicates a 44.1kHz sampling rate.

Geoffrey Morrison/CNET

There are two questions that arise from a product and review like this. First, does it improve the sound over a reasonable baseline? Yes, with any hard-to-drive headphone the Cobalt will absolutely sound better than a headphone jack and cheap dongle. Even many easier-to-drive headphones will likely sound at least a little better (or at the very least, louder). 

Second, does it perform well enough to justify its price? That’s a bit harder to say. Do you have headphones that either need an amp or will sound better with one? Do your usual sources limit the performance of your headphones? Since most computers and phones (dongle required or not) have terrible headphone amplifiers, the answer to that latter question is often yes. To the question of price, the DragonFly seems a little expensive. There are a wider variety of amp/DAC dongles like the Cobalt on the market now compared to when the DragonFlys first took flight (pun intended), and many are a lot less money. We’ll be checking some out soon.

Lastly, if you don’t have headphones that can justify the price of a $200 accessory, this shouldn’t be your first purchase. It’s not going to make $50 headphones sound like $500 headphones. If you’re only ever listening to amp-deserving headphones while seated in one place, the hip-dac2 has a little better sound at the cost of portability and overall convenience (the newer hip-dac 3 has a more user-friendly dual USB-C connection).

That all said, if you do fit in the above-outlined niche, I will say the Cobalt impressed me more than I expected for its size. For something smaller than a thumb it definitely improved the sound of some great-sounding headphones in a way that was exceptionally portable.

As well as covering audio and display tech, Geoff does photo tours of cool museums and locations around the world, including nuclear submarinesmassive aircraft carriersmedieval castles, epic 10,000-mile road trips, and more.

He wrote a bestselling sci-fi novel about city-size submarines, and also Budget Travel for Dummies. You can follow him on Instagram and YouTube

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